Posted on March 3, by Scott Alexander I have heard the following from a bunch of people, one of whom was me six months ago:
Those whose children are older than 3 Those whose children are sick  However, both adoptees and the adopters report that they are happier after adoption. Sanchez, Resources[ edit ] When women can pursue additional education and paid employment, families can invest more in each child.
Children with fewer siblings tend to stay in school longer than those with many siblings. Leaving school in order to have children has long-term implications for the future of these girls, as well as the human capital of their families and communities.
Family planning slows unsustainable population growth which drains resources from the environment, and national and regional development efforts. While motherhood is often a positive and fulfilling experience, for too many women it is associated with suffering, ill-health and even death.
Young teenagers face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy. Like older men, older women have a higher chance of having a child with autism or Down syndromethe chances of having multiple births increases, which cause further late-pregnancy risks, they have an increased chance of developing gestational diabetesthe need for a Caesarian section is greater, older women's bodies are not as well-suited for delivering a baby.
The risk of prolonged labor is higher. Older mothers have a higher risk of a long labor, putting the baby in distress. Placard showing negative effects of lack of family planning and having too many children and infants Ethiopia Modern methods[ edit ] Modern methods of family planning include birth control, assisted reproductive technology and family planning programs.
Federal family planning programs reduced childbearing among poor women by as much as 29 percent, according to a University of Michigan study. There are seven steps that one must make towards adoption.
You must decide to pursue an adoption, apply to adopt, complete an adoption home study, get approved to adopt, be matched with a child, receive an adoptive placement, and then legalize the adoption.
Birth control Placard showing positive effects of family planning Ethiopia A number of contraceptive methods are available to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
There are natural methods and various chemical-based methods, each with particular advantages and disadvantages. Behavioral methods to avoid pregnancy that involve vaginal intercourse include the withdrawal and calendar-based methodswhich have little upfront cost and are readily available.
Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, such as intrauterine device IUD and implant are highly effective and convenient, requiring little user action, but do come with risks. When cost of failure is included, IUDs and vasectomy are much less costly than other methods. Condoms may be used alone, or in addition to other methods, as backup or to prevent STD.
Surgical methods tubal ligationvasectomy provide long-term contraception for those who have completed their families. Assisted reproductive technology When, for any reason, a woman is unable to conceive by natural means, she may seek assisted conception. For example, some families or women seek assistance through surrogacyin which a woman agrees to become pregnant and deliver a child for another couple or person.
There are two types of surrogacy: In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate uses her own eggs and carries the child for her intended parents.
This procedure is done in a doctor's office through IUI. This type of surrogacy obviously includes a genetic connection between the surrogate and the child.
Legally, the surrogate will have to disclaim any interest in the child to complete the transfer to the intended parents. A gestational surrogacy occurs when the intended mother's or a donor egg is fertilized outside the body and then the embryos are transferred into the uterus.
The woman who carries the child is often referred to as a gestational carrier. The legal steps to confirm parentage with the intended parents are generally easier than in a traditional because there is no genetic connection between child and carrier.
It involves donated sperm being used to fertilise a woman's ova by artificial insemination either by intracervical insemination or intrauterine insemination and less commonly by invitro fertilization IVFbut insemination may also be achieved by a donor having sexual intercourse with a woman for the purpose of achieving conception.
This method is known as natural insemination NI. Family economics and Cost of raising a child Family planning is among the most cost-effective of all health interventions.
Department of Agriculture estimates that for a child born ina U. At the same time, societies will experience fewer dependents and more women in the workforce, driving faster economic growth.Surrogate Motherhood essaysThe Enhancements in Reproductive Technology Today's childbirth advances have opened up new doors for those with no hope of having a child of their very own.
Advances such as artificial insemination and fertility drugs . Essay about Surrogate Motherhood and Technology - Surrogate Motherhood and Technology Surrogacy: The Technology Reproductive technologies have a lot to do with the theology of the family.
One aspect of reproductive technology deals with the issue of pregnancy for profit. This concept is known as surrogacy, and it is used for procreation.
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This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Why is a surrogate mother a controversial issue. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Essay on Surrogate Motherhood and Technology Words | 13 Pages.
Surrogate Motherhood and Technology Surrogacy: The Technology Reproductive technologies have a .