The board then hired Donald Quayle to be the first president of NPR with 30 employees and 90 charter member local stations, and studios in Washington, D. NPR was primarily a production and distribution organization untilwhen it merged with the Association of Public Radio Stations. Morning Edition premiered on November 5,first hosted by Bob Edwards. After a Congressional investigation and the resignation of NPR's then-president Frank Mankiewiczthe Corporation for Public Broadcasting agreed to lend the network money in order to stave off bankruptcy.
Adchariyaphoto A computer is a programmable device that can automatically perform a sequence of calculations or other operations on data without human aid. It can store, retrieve, and process data according to internal instructions. A computer may be either digital, analog, or hybrid, although most in operation today are digital.
Digital computers express variables as numbers, usually in the binary system. They are used for general purposes, whereas analog computers are built for specific tasks, typically scientific or technical. The term "computer" is usually synonymous with digital computer, and computers for business are exclusively digital.
It comprises an arithmetic-logic unit to carry out calculations, main memory to temporarily store data for processing, and a control unit to control the transfer of data between memory, input and output sources, and the arithmetic-logic unit. A computer is not fully functional without various peripheral devices, however.
These are typically connected to a computer through cables, although some may be built into the same unit with the CPU. These include devices for the input of data, such as keyboards, mice, trackballs, scanners, light pens, modems, magnetic strip card readers, and pen underwriting assistant, as well as items for the output of data, such as monitors, printers, plotters, loudspeakers, earphones, and modems.
These devices most often are magnetic tape drives, magnetic disk drives, or optical disk drives. Finally, for a digital pen underwriting assistant to function automatically, it requires programs, or sets of instructions written in computer-readable code.
To be distinguished from the physical or hardware components of a computer, programs are collectively referred to as software. A computer systemtherefore, is a computer combined with peripheral equipment and software so that it can perform desired functions.
Often the terms "computer" and "computer system" are used interchangeably, especially when peripheral devices are built into the same unit as the computer or when a system is sold and installed as a package. The term "computer system," however, may also refer to a configuration of hardware and software designed for a specific purpose, such as a manufacturing control system, a library automation system, or an accounting system.
Or it may refer to a network of multiple computers linked together so that they can share software, data, and peripheral equipment. Computers tend to be categorized by size and power, although advancements in computers' processing power have blurred the distinctions between traditional categories.
Power and speed are influenced by the size of a computer's internal storage units, called words, which determine the amount of data it can process at once and is measured in bits binary digits.
Computer speed is also determined by its clock speed, which is measured in megahertz. Additionally, the amount of main memory a computer has, which is measured in bytes or more precisely, kilobytes, megabytes, or gigabytes of RAM random access memoryplays a role in determining how much data it can process.
The amount of memory that auxiliary storage devices can hold also determines the capabilities of a computer system. The slow processing power of the early microcomputers, however, made them attractive only to hobbyists and not to the business market.
Inhowever, the personal computer industry got under way with the introduction of off-the-shelf home computers from three manufacturers. This model became an instant success and set the standard for the microcomputer industry. By the early s personal computers had become the fastest-growing category of computers.
This was largely due to the adoption of their use in businesses of all sizes. The availability of these small, inexpensive computers brought computer technology to even the smallest of enterprises.
The most recent category of microcomputer to enter the business world is the portable computer. These small and light—but increasingly powerful—computers are commonly known as laptop or notebook computers. Laptop computers have the same power as desktop personal computers, but are built more compactly and use flat screen monitors, usually using liquid crystal display, that fold down to form a slim unit that fits in a briefcase and usually weigh under 15 pounds.
A notebook computer is one that weighs under 6 pounds and may or may not have a full-size keyboard. A pocket computer is a hand held calculator-size computer. Portable computers are increasingly popular among businesspeople who travel, such as executives or sales representatives.
In the past, all components of a computer system originated from the same manufacturer. There were no industry-wide standards. As a result, printers, monitors, and other peripheral equipment from one manufacturer would not operate when matched with the computer of another manufacturer. More significantly, software could only run on the specific computer brand for which it was designed.
Today, however, "open systems," wherein various equipment from different manufacturers can be matched together, is common. Open systems are especially popular among small business owners because they allow enterprises to upgrade or expand their computer systems more easily and cheaply.Here is a full list of recipients of the New Year Honours NPR spent nearly $13 million to acquire and equip a West Coast 25,square-foot (2, m 2) production facility, NPR West, which opened in Culver City, Los Angeles County, California, in November With room for up to 90 employees, it was established to expand its production capabilities, improve its coverage of the western United States, and create a backup production facility capable of.
Monique Manning. Executive Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer at Pen Underwriting - Australia. Location Sydney, New South Wales, Australia IndustryTitle: Executive Assistant to the Chief . Dec 29, · Here is a full list of recipients of the New Year Honours 4 Pen Underwriting reviews.
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