Social Perception Liberals tend to underestimate the amount of actual agreement among those who share their ideology, while conservatives tend to overestimate intra-group agreement, according to new research published in Psychological Sciencea journal of the Association for Psychological Science. These findings may help to explain differences in how political groups and movements, like the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street, gain traction on the national stage: The participants read political statements e. They were also asked to indicate how much others of the same political persuasion would support their own attitudes — a measure of perceived in-group consensus.
Monday is Constitution Day, and on this day alone we need to let the founding blueprint of our American government have its say. And what enlightened remarks might it deliver if it could speak? To both liberals and conservatives: These interpretations have permitted the federal government to enact social welfare programs and expand our understanding of fundamental rights.
Political liberals, on the other hand, say conservatives adopt their own theory of constitutional interpretation—originalism—to rationalize conservative results. Indeed originalism, the idea that we should interpret the words of the Constitution with their original public meaning, affords in practice more protections for economic liberty, property rights, and for gun rights and fewer protections for the rights preferred by modern liberals abortion, gay marriage.
Liberals contend the Constitution was written in such open-ended language so as to invite interpretation as social norms and values change over time.
It turns out that neither the liberal nor the conservative is quite right about originalism or its alternative. But neither is originalism a rationalization for conservatism. The connection between the two has been misunderstood because few understand what conservatism is.
The American conservative, properly understood, seeks to conserve the traditionally liberal principles of our Founding: Once this is understood, originalism is most clearly connected to conservatism. Conservatism seeks to conserve the liberal principles of our Founding, and originalism seeks to preserve the original legal content of the Constitution that was framed to give life to those principles.
So is originalism only useful for political conservatives?
The Constitution does not require that we have a politically conservative or libertarian worldview, just as it does not require a politically liberal worldview. The great genius of the Constitution was that it left much to the democratic process, precisely because the Founders knew that conditions would change—and that we ourselves would evolve and progress over time.
That is why the liberal claims about constitutional interpretation are not quite right, either. The Framers recognized that we would evolve and progress over time, which is why they left so much to the democratic process.
Our Constitution is not living and breathing, but our democracy is. So is our Founding—and its product, the Constitution—worth conserving? Particularly in view of the debate over public monuments, which has led some to raise questions even about our Founders, this question has become more pressing.
It has become fashionable to criticize the Founders because they were white, male landowners, and mostly slaveowners.Conservatives also secrete more skin moisture when they see disgusting images, such as a person eating worms--liberals respond less emphatically. Liberals prefer dogs who are empathetic, not subservient; conservatives seek dogs who are loyal and obedient.
Unhappy conservatives generally believe they are unhappy because life is inherently difficult and tragic, and because they have made some unwise decisions in life.
But unhappy liberals generally believe they are unhappy because they have been persecuted. 32 Responses to Where Liberals and Conservatives are Wrong About the Constitution but that Conservatives are just as Situational as Liberals.
They treat the Constitution just like the Bible. Nov 11, · Liberals love that the world of college academia is a place to share ideas. Conservatives hate that the world of college academia is a place where they can't share their ideas. Regardless of their income bracket, conservatives were more interested in wearing the red outfit when they thought that red signaled superiority (rather than uniqueness), and liberals were more.
They also give reason for hope. At Yale, we conducted an experiment to turn conservatives into liberals.