The book is about a group of animals who drive away the humans from the farm which they live on, and it is primarily based on the Russian Revolution. Animal Farm is well known as an allegory.
When Major dies, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleonassume command and consider it a duty to prepare for the Rebellion. The animals revolt, driving the drunken, irresponsible farmer Mr. Jonesas well as Mrs.
Jones and the other human caretakers and employees, off the farm, renaming it "Animal Farm". They adopt the Seven Commandments of Animalism, the most important of which is, "All animals are equal".
The decree is painted in large letters on one side of the barn. Snowball teaches the animals to read and write, while Napoleon educates young puppies on the principles of Animalism. Food is plentiful, and the farm runs smoothly.
The pigs elevate themselves to positions of leadership and set aside special food items, ostensibly for their personal health.
Some time later, several men attack Animal Farm. Jones and his men are making an attempt to recapture the farm, aided by several other farmers who are terrified of similar animal revolts. Snowball and the animals, who are hiding in ambush, defeat the men by launching a surprise attack as soon as they enter the farmyard.
Snowball's popularity soars, and this event is proclaimed "The Battle of the Cowshed". It is celebrated annually with the firing of a gun, on the anniversary of the Revolution.
Napoleon and Snowball vie for pre-eminence. When Snowball announces his plans to modernize the farm by building a windmillNapoleon has his dogs chase Snowball away and declares himself leader.
Napoleon enacts changes to the governance structure of the farm, replacing meetings with a committee of pigs who will run the farm.
Through a young pig named SquealerNapoleon claims credit for the windmill idea.
The animals work harder with the promise of easier lives with the windmill. When the animals find the windmill collapsed after a violent storm, Napoleon and Squealer convince the animals that Snowball is trying to sabotage their project.
Once Snowball becomes a scapegoatNapoleon begins to purge the farm with his dogs, killing animals he accuses of consorting with his old rival. When some animals recall the Battle of the Cowshed, Napoleon who was nowhere to be found during the battle frequently smears Snowball as a collaborator of Farmer Jones', while falsely representing himself as the hero of the battle.
The animals remain convinced that they are better off than they were under Mr. Fredericka neighbouring farmer, attacks the farm, using blasting powder to blow up the restored windmill.
Although the animals win the battle, they do so at great costas many, including Boxer, the workhorseare wounded. Despite his injuries, Boxer continues working harder and harder, until he collapses while working on the windmill.
Napoleon sends for a van to purportedly take Boxer to a veterinary surgeon, explaining that better care can be given there. Benjamin, the cynical donkey who "could read as well as any pig",  notices that the van belongs to a knacker and attempts a futile rescue.
Squealer quickly assures the animals that the van had been purchased from the knacker by an animal hospital, and the previous owner's signboard had not been repainted. In a subsequent report, Squealer reports sadly to the animals that Boxer died peacefully at the animal hospital.
The pigs hold a festival one day after Boxer's death to further praise the glories of Animal Farm and have the animals work harder by taking on Boxer's ways.
However, the truth was that Napoleon had engineered the sale of Boxer to the knacker, allowing Napoleon and his inner circle to acquire money to buy whisky for themselves. In s England, one way for farms to make money was to sell large animals to a knacker, who would kill the animal and boil its remains into animal glue.
Years pass, the windmill is rebuilt, and another windmill is constructed, which makes the farm a good amount of income. However, the ideals which Snowball discussed, including stalls with electric lighting, heating, and running water are forgotten, with Napoleon advocating that the happiest animals live simple lives.
In addition to Boxer, many of the animals who participated in the Revolution are dead, as is Farmer Jones, who died in another part of England. The pigs start to resemble humans, as they walk upright, carry whips, and wear clothes.
The Seven Commandments are abridged to a single phrase: He abolishes the practice of the revolutionary traditions and restores the name "The Manor Farm". As the animals outside gaze at the scene and look from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again, they can no longer distinguish between the two.
He is an allegorical combination of Karl Marxone of the creators of communism, and Vladimir Leninthe communist leader of the Russian Revolution and the early Soviet nation, in that he draws up the principles of the revolution.
His skull being put on revered public display recalls Lenin, whose embalmed body was put on display. He is mainly based on Leon Trotsky but also combines elements from Lenin.Because of Animal Farm’s parallels with the Russian Revolution, many readers have assumed that the novella’s central importance lies in its exposure and critique of a particular political philosophy and practice, Stalinism.
In fact, however, Orwell intended to critique Stalinism as merely one instance of the broader social phenomenon of. Animal Farm Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Animal Farm is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Inspired by the Russian Revolution and the failed society it resulted in, "Animal Farm" by George Orwell is an encapsulating tale that epitomises how a free utopian society so . Similarities between Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution.
The Russian Revolution & Animal Farm Animal Farm is a satirical novella by George Orwell, and it can also be understood as a modern fable. The book is about a group of animals who drive away the humans from the farm which they live on, and it is primarily based on the Russian Revolution.
Animal Farm is well known as an allegory. Most fables . During this celebration, all the other animals meet at the window of the farm, and when they look inside they can't distinguish between man and animal.
Symbolism/Interpretation The novel Animal Farm is a satire of the Russian revolution, and therefore full of symbolism. Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of and then on into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union.
Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by.