Reenactment of the Battle of the Ardennes in Facebook Twitter On the 16th of DecemberGerman tanks roared out of the Ardennes forest and smashed into Allied lines. Allied troops were ill-prepared for what became the Battle of the Bulge.
Background[ edit ] After the breakout from Normandy at the end of July and the Allied landings in southern France on 15 Augustthe Allies advanced toward Germany more quickly than anticipated. Eisenhower the Supreme Allied Commander on the Western Front and his staff chose to hold the Ardennes region which was occupied by the U.
The Allies chose to defend the Ardennes with as few troops as possible due to the favorable terrain a densely wooded highland with deep river valleys and a rather thin road network and limited Allied operational objectives in the area.
They also had intelligence that the Wehrmacht was using the area across the German border as a rest-and-refit area for its troops.
The only deep-water port the Allies had captured was Cherbourg on the northern shore of the Cotentin peninsula and west of the original invasion beaches,  but the Germans had thoroughly wrecked and mined the harbor before it could be taken.
It took many months to rebuild its cargo-handling capability. The Allies captured the port of Antwerp Account of the battle of the bulge in the first days of September, but it was not operational until 28 November.
The estuary of the Schelde river also called Scheldt that controlled access to the port had to be cleared of both German troops and naval mines. A trucking system nicknamed the Red Ball Express brought supplies to front-line troops, but used up five times as much fuel to reach the front line near the Belgian border as was delivered.
By early October, the Allies had suspended major offensives to improve their supply lines and availability. This had the short-term goal of opening the urgently needed port of Antwerp and the long-term goal of capturing the Ruhr areathe biggest industrial area of Germany. As a result, by the end of October the supply situation had eased somewhat.
German plans[ edit ] Despite a lull along the front after the Scheldt battles, the German situation remained dire.
The Allies were slowly pushing towards Germanybut no decisive breakthrough was achieved. The Western Allies already had 96 divisions at or near the front, with an estimated ten more divisions en route from the United Kingdom. Additional Allied airborne units remained in England.
The Germans could field a total of 55 understrength divisions. The extremely swift operation ended only when the advancing Soviet Red Army forces outran their supplies.
By November, it was clear that Soviet forces were preparing for a winter offensive. The converse was equally damaging; daytime movement of German forces was rapidly noticed, and interdiction of supplies combined with the bombing of the Romanian oil fields starved Germany of oil and gasoline.
This fuel shortage intensified after the Soviets overran those fields in the course of their August Jassy-Kishinev Offensive. One of the few advantages held by the German forces in November was that they were no longer defending all of Western Europe. Their front lines in the west had been considerably shortened by the Allied offensive and were much closer to the German heartland.
This drastically reduced their supply problems despite Allied control of the air. Additionally, their extensive telephone and telegraph network meant that radios were no longer necessary for communications, which lessened the effectiveness of Allied Ultra intercepts.
Nevertheless, some 40—50 messages per day were decrypted by Ultra. Although he realized nothing significant could be accomplished in the Eastern Fronthe still believed an offensive against the Western Allies, whom he considered militarily inferior to the Red Army, would have some chances of success.
After the war ended, this assessment was generally viewed as unrealistic, given Allied air superiority throughout Europe and their ability to continually disrupt German offensive operations.
Even the encirclement and destruction of multiple Soviet armies, as inwould still have left the Soviets with a numerical superiority.
The disputes between Montgomery and Bradley were well known, and Hitler hoped he could exploit this disunity. If the attack were to succeed in capturing Antwerp, four complete armies would be trapped without supplies behind German lines. At the same time, they felt that maintaining a purely defensive posture as had been the case since Normandy would only delay defeat, not avert it.
They thus developed alternative, less ambitious plans that did not aim to cross the Meuse River in German and Dutch: The two field marshals combined their plans to present a joint "small solution" to Hitler. In the west supply problems began significantly to impede Allied operations, even though the opening of the port of Antwerp in late November improved the situation somewhat.
The positions of the Allied armies stretched from southern France all the way north to the Netherlands.
For the American men who spent the winter of ’44 trapped inside a perimeter 70 miles wide and 50 miles deep, surrounded by , German soldiers, it was known as the Battle of the Bulge. And within the pages of this special issue, you’ll get a first-hand look at what they experienced. A historical exploration of World War II's Battle of the Bulge from Pulitzer Prize–winner and New York Times–bestselling author Rick Atkinson. On the 16th of December, , in the frozen forests of the Ardennes, the German army attacked American Allied forces, launching a . Battle of the Bulge is a fast-paced turn-based WW2 strategy game where precise movement and detailed planning make the difference between a vain attempt and a brave operation. taking into account the nature of the terrain and its effects on the assailants and defenders.
German planning for the counteroffensive rested on the premise that a successful strike against thinly manned stretches of the line would halt Allied advances on the entire Western Front. The Germans also referred to it as "Ardennenoffensive" Ardennes Offensive and Rundstedt-Offensive, both names being generally used nowadays in modern Germany.
The battle was militarily defined by the Allies as the Ardennes Counteroffensive, which included the German drive and the American effort to contain and later defeat it.In mid-December , the 37th Tank Battalion, 4th Armored Division, led by Lt.
Creighton W. Abrams, was linked to the 87th Infantry Division and involved in probing operations along the Siegfried Line on the boundary with Lorraine. Dec 01, · Nuts!: The Battle of the Bulge is a Decision Games card game that recreates the famous World War Two battle ( Dec ) in which the German Army mounted a surprise attack on the thin U.S.
forces deployed in the Ardennes region hoping to breakthrough to 4/4(2).
This an intensely detailed account of one of the greatest battles fought during WWII in Europe, commonly called the Battle of the Bulge. It is an account of the time from late summer to spring when the Allies slogged it out with the German timberdesignmag.coms: 1 / 3 Show Caption + Hide Caption – Battle of the Bulge tanks and infantrymen of the Company G, th Tank Battalion, th Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division, push through the snow toward their.
This an intensely detailed account of one of the greatest battles fought during WWII in Europe, commonly called the Battle of the Bulge. It is an account of the time from late summer to spring when the Allies slogged it out with the German army.
Battle of the Bulge is a American widescreen epic war film produced in Spain, directed by Ken Annakin, and starring Henry Fonda, Robert Shaw, Telly Savalas, Robert Ryan, Dana Andrews and Charles Bronson.
The feature was filmed in Ultra Panavision 70 and exhibited in 70 mm Cinerama.